Tile-mosaic is often used for interior design of apartments and houses because with its help you can significantly change the room. Light will be repeatedly reflected from each small piece of tile, which makes it possible to obtain a complex and three-dimensional pattern. Durable and unique picture made from small pieces of tile, is the author's work, which emphasizes the exclusivity of space.
Mosaic: secrets of choice
Previously, the whole picture on the floor was obtained by using a large number of small pieces. Today, ready-made panels are laid out in separate elements assembled into matrices. The elements are fixed together with a special mesh or substrate, which do not allow the particles to fall apart.
Laying the mosaic on the floor is the classic way. Grouting should be done at a high level. If there is a discrepancy when grouting, it will affect the appearance of the surface. Some manufacturers produce tiles for the kitchen, bathrooms, equipped with textured patterns that mimic mosaic. Such a solution is beneficial from an economic point of view. The surface of this material is covered with a layer of glaze.
The mosaic pattern on the floor can also be made of ordinary tiles, which can be divided into small elements using special cuts. Such cuts help create an imitation mosaic.
Varieties of mosaic material
Mosaic on the floor can be made using a variety of materials. In ancient times, a mosaic was made using clay pyramids of a certain size. Today, more modern and environmentally friendly materials are used. They can be both artificial and natural:
- Ceramic mosaic for the floor. It is made on the basis of baked clay, which is covered with a layer of glaze. Ceramic tiles - durable material that can be painted in any color. This is a great solution for finishing the floor has become an excellent alternative to tile.
- Mosaic made of glass elements. In this case, cubes of various sizes are used. They are resistant to moisture and chemicals. This is especially important when decorating rooms with a high level of humidity (bathrooms, pools). Drawing a drawing of a glass mosaic is mainly carried out on the opposite side. Such a pattern of glass tiles will last for a long time.
- Smalt. This type of coating was invented by the Greeks. According to its characteristics, it resembles a mosaic material and is durable. The hue of such a mosaic varies depending on the direction and angle of incidence of light. Most often, this type of finish is used in the kitchen.
- Mosaic tiles made from natural or artificial stone. The characteristic natural pattern can be opaque or covered with a layer of glaze.
Mosaic paintings are stacked in various rooms. They help to emphasize the individuality of the premises in the bathroom, toilet, hallway, kitchen, etc. This tile gives an excellent appearance space.
How to lay? Laying the floor with small elements is a laborious job requiring a professional approach. It can be simplified if you use such an option as a mosaic tile. In this case, the individual elements are placed in a special way on a flexible surface. Visually, this method looks like a mosaic. Mosaic panels for the kitchen or bathroom are made of either ceramics or glass. The glass version involves sticking tiles on a certain basis. Ceramic tile is placed mainly on the paper base.
Features of installation of mosaic on the floor
Regardless of the type of material chosen, the rule should be adopted that it should be laid only on a flat surface. If the floor is uneven, then all the projections and pits will be evident.
Mosaic of porcelain stoneware to the floor is quite popular and popular solution. Today it can be purchased in almost any store. Porcelain is a durable, waterproof and durable material that can be used for rooms decorated in various styles. Mosaic for the floor in the shower of this material is practical and easy to use. If you wish, you can do this material yourself.
It is extremely important to correctly select the tile glue. For porcelain tiles perfectly suited polymer solution. If it is a floor glass tile under a mosaic, then it is better to give preference to cement-sand glue.
Also, special attention should be paid to the choice of grout. If you use several types of mosaic, you will need to purchase different types of grout. As a rule, the color of the grout is white. You can fill the joint between the elements using white, cement, latex or epoxy grout.
Before making a purchase of building material for the kitchen or bathroom or wondering how to lay, it is necessary to carry out a qualitative calculation of the required number of elements. Mosaic tiles are purchased up to the last sheet. The fact is that if suddenly there is not enough material, there may not be the option you need in a store or warehouse. Calculation is easy. You will need to calculate the total surface area. The end result must be divided by the area of the sheet. Then you need to add 10% to the result.
As for the consumption of glue, then this information should be carefully examined on the packaging. For well-laid veneer, you will need to purchase other additional materials. Tools such as tile machine, spatula, tape measure, paint brush, brush, square, etc. are used to assemble the mosaic. Do not forget to buy protective equipment: gloves, goggles and a respirator.
Preparation of the base begins with the installation of pipes. If a shower is to be installed in the future, it is advisable to make a waterproofing surface. The base is treated with a deep penetration primer.
Then the drawing is transferred to the surface. The glue is mixed and spatula evenly applied to the surface. To the desired area is pressed the desired element. Laying a mosaic is necessary from the corner of a room or center. In the course of work it is necessary to observe the distance between the individual elements. We spread the entire pattern. The laid out tile is leveled. It must have one level with the surface. All fragments must be located in accordance with the figure. After the glue hardened, its residues and dirt are removed, grout is applied.