When repair begins, one of the first questions is how to trim the ceiling. Cover it with plaster? Wallpapering? Call the masters and order them a fabric ceiling? To decide and subsequently not regret the choice made, you need to understand well what types of ceilings are.
Types of ceilings in the apartment are numerous and varied, and they are usually divided into two main groups.
The simplest options for coating that do not require mounting the frame - they are simply attached to the ceiling with glue or cover it. These include:
- whitewashing is the simplest version of the ceiling trimming, which implies covering the ceiling with a special chalk mixture;
- painting - requires no more effort than whitewashing, only instead of chalk, the paint chosen by the room owner is used;
- wallpapering - requires some dexterity, but allows you to make the design of the ceiling as appropriate to the rest of the room.
Dropped ceilings. Numerous types of suspended ceilings are united by one thing: they all need a frame of a particular structure, to which the main canvas will be attached. These include:
- gypsum ceilings - mounted on a steel frame, you can arrange them so that you get a voluminous picture;
- cluster ceilings - also attached to the frame, but usually made of lightweight materials, tiles that are inserted into special grooves;
- Rack ceilings - consist of thin plates that are attached to the supporting profile with special clamps;
- stretch ceilings - consist of a canvas that is attached to a baguette under the ceiling and stretched so that the ceiling is of a closed type.
Each species has its pros and cons, and in some cases, individual subspecies. They should be discussed in more detail.
Despite the fact that modern finishes are numerous, whitewashing is still popular - it is cheap enough and used to being the first to come to mind when trying to figure out what to do with the ceiling. The technique of its application is as simple as possible - a solution of lime is diluted, after which it is applied to the ceiling with a brush.
Undoubtedly, this method has advantages:
- Availability. A person can whiten the ceiling even if he doesn’t have any idea what the ceilings are, how to take up a brush and how a lath ceiling differs from a mounted canvas. Enough patience and diligence.
- Cheapness Whitewashing is almost worthless.
- Variety of colors. Any dye can be added to the mortar and it will give the ceiling a certain shade.
- Loyalty to tradition. Not in all cases it is a plus, but in a certain interior whitewashing will look ideally appropriate.
There are also disadvantages:
- Sensitivity to moisture. It is impossible to whiten the ceiling in the bathroom - it will quickly dampen and begin to mold. You should also choose something more resistant for rooms where high humidity prevails most of the year.
- Marco. If the ceiling is whitewashed, any contact with it will leave a white mark.
- Failure. Once every two years - at least - the ceiling will have to be whitened anew.
- Complexity It is easier to resort to whitewash than to fix the simplest suspended ceiling, but it takes time and effort. It is necessary to sand the surface so that it is smooth and clean, then plaster and only then whiten.
Using whitewash makes sense only when more expensive options are not affordable - or if the presence of a whitewashed ceiling in the room is important.
Also the traditional method that does not require skill. The paint is diluted to a liquid state and applied to the ceiling after pre-cleaning. Advantages of the method:
- Variety of options. The paint is of any color - glossy and matte, bright and dull, glowing, brilliant - there is for every taste.
- Variety of prices. Among the variety of paint everyone will find an option for their wallet.
- Permanent height. Painted ceiling remains at the same level.
- Moisture resistant. The paint is suitable for ceilings in the bathroom - nothing will happen to it due to water and temperature changes.
There are disadvantages:
- Failure. After a year or two, the ceiling in the house will lose its festive look. The paint will fade, crack and, most likely, will need to renew it again.
- Evidence of deficiencies. Any cracks, gouges and protrusions on the ceiling due to paint will be several times more noticeable. Even worse, if the painting will be carried out carelessly and remain drips.
Paint can be used if you want to make a cheap ceiling in the bathroom or if you want to choose an exotic color. It should be borne in mind that the process will need almost manic accuracy.
For the ceiling, there are special wallpapers that are denser than those intended for walls, and the top is often covered with a corrugated pattern. Possess advantages:
- Aesthetics. With the help of wallpaper it is easy to hide any flaws that neither painting nor whitewashing can hide.
- A variety of colors and patterns. Wallpapers are rarely solid and often made to look as advantageous as possible.
- Resistance to high humidity. If you do not glue the usual wallpaper on the ceiling, then you can even use them in the bathroom - humidity will not harm them.
There are also disadvantages:
- Complexity Understand what are stretch ceilings, and you can alone. You can fix the slats or apply paint, but you won't be able to stick the wallpaper to the ceiling alone - someone should be helping.
- Painstaking. Air bubbles can remain under the wallpaper, and you need to very carefully ensure that there are no cracks and folds, which in the case of ceilings - in a wooden house or apartment - is very uncomfortable.
- Possible problems. All types of wallpaper have a weak spot - the joints. If you glue them badly, the entire ceiling will become unusable very quickly.
Use wallpaper well in the bathroom or for the kitchen - they do well with moisture, soot and grease, and for them there is no need to re-skin the ceiling every time.
Gypsum ceilings are mounted on a steel frame and, of course, have their pros and cons. The first include:
- Soundproofing. The advantage that simple types of ceilings - in a private house or apartment - are completely lacking. Of course, drywall does not provide 100% insulation, but can slightly reduce the noise level.
- Aesthetics. All types of gypsum ceilings can hide the flaws of the main ceiling - cracks, protruding communications, stains.
- Reliability. Drywall is resistant to mechanical stress, does not burn and can last for many years.
- Plastic. All types of plasterboard ceilings are easily adapted to the desired shape - a fairly small processing. Using drywall made some types of two-level ceilings.
- Vulnerability to moisture. The ceiling of this type in the bathroom does not fit - it quickly dampen.
- Vulnerability to biological threats. Drywall can be affected by mold, rodent activity or insects.
- Difficulties with installation. Without special equipment, it is often not possible to hold it - but this is a minus, which all types of suspended ceilings have.
- Reduced ceiling level. Like all types of suspended ceilings, drywall takes up to 15 cm from it.
Despite this, drywall, however, remains a ductile material — it is often wise to combine it with a stretch ceiling to obtain a figured ceiling.
Cassette ceilings and slatted ceilings
Act in fact according to the same principle: the main elements of the ceiling are fastened to the special frame with clamps. The only difference is form. Cassettes are usually square, while the rails are characterized by an elongated shape. They have similar advantages:
- Easy installation. When the frame is mounted, all types of slatted ceilings and cassette ceilings are fixed with special clamps.
- Moisture resistant. As a rule, the materials for the canvas are used such as to withstand the maximum change in temperature and humidity. Well suited for the kitchen, bathroom and other similar premises.
- Aesthetics. With the help of tiles and slats, you can lay out any pattern, moreover, they are usually performed in the most pleasant colors.
But there are also disadvantages:
- Low sound insulation and low thermal insulation. Unlike drywall, all types of slatted ceilings and cassette ceilings do not keep heat well.
- Reducing the ceiling level. The disadvantage of all kinds of suspended ceilings.
In addition to the pros and cons, it is also worth mentioning that slatted ceilings are of two types:
- open-type rack ceiling implies the presence of gaps between the slats, which is filled with special decorative elements;
- the rack ceiling of the closed type means tight joints between the slats.
Choosing cassette and slatted ceilings is not for the kitchen, but for rooms that are important to aesthetics. These are decorative ceilings that will decorate any room - especially if you buy mirrored panels for the ceiling.
Types of stretch ceilings are divided into two groups:
- fabric - made of thick fabric;
- glossy - ceilings of this type are made of plastic.
Pros, however, they have similar:
- Aesthetics. All types of stretch ceilings look amazing and help hide communications and ceiling flaws.
- Sustainability. Stretch ceilings are not afraid of any temperature or moisture - they are ideal for the kitchen and bathroom.
- Ease of care. Simply wipe the stretch ceilings in the kitchen or stretch ceilings for the hall with a damp cloth to restore their original shine.
- The complexity of the installation. All the rest - even the main types of plastic ceilings - can be installed with your own hands, even if it will be hard. To install the tension will need to call the masters.
- Lack of ventilation. Under the stretch ceiling - like under any plastic ceiling - there is no air access, which can badly affect the atmosphere in the room.
It makes sense to install the ceiling only by understanding what ceilings are in general and what are suspended ceilings in particular. And the choice will be correct, the result can be observed for many more years.