In a private house or in the country you want to create an environment where it will be warm and comfortable, but sometimes the heat from the house goes outside because of the cold roof, so many are beginning to look for the answer to the question of how to warm the ceiling in a private house. There are many types of insulation materials that have their own characteristics.
Varieties of materials
Warming the ceiling in a house with a cold roof is carried out using insulation materials. When choosing insulation products, consumers are guided by the following properties:
- Heat conduction - this characteristic affects the heat release through the ceiling surface. The smaller this indicator, the better the material.
- Resistance to moisture - the indicator is evaluated when the roof is insulated from the outside.
- The term of operation - provides the long period of use when warming.
- Environmental friendliness - estimated effect on the body.
- Flammability - thermal insulation should not ignite when placed on wooden roofs.
Insulating materials are the following basics:
- Expanded clay;
- Stone wool;
Professionals believe that it is better to warm the ceiling of a private house with the material that is suitable for the foundation of the roof, otherwise you can achieve the opposite result. Technological features of insulation depend on the category of overlap. The basis of concrete involves the use of high-density materials or insulation with high weight. For a wooden ceiling, lightweight filling agents or rolled insulation are considered the best materials.
There are various methods of insulation, involving a variety of roofing insulation houses. You can carry out the insulation of the ceiling with their own hands.
Use of sawdust
Many wonder how to insulate the ceiling with sawdust? Warming of the ceiling with sawdust was common in the last century. When finding woodworking enterprises near houses, it is possible to purchase materials that serve as insulation for cold roofing for a small cost.
Warming of the ceiling with sawdust is recommended to perform on wooden beams. The disadvantage of this material is considered to be high inflammability. This quality is compensated by the use of numerous insulated technologies.
If you use sawdust as insulation for the roof, then you should properly select the size of the layer. Warming of the ceiling with sawdust consists of the following stages of roof insulation:
- Putting on the wooden floor with a solution of clay with a liquid consistency.
- Sand filling to prevent damage to the thermal insulation layer.
- Application of a mixture of carbide and hydrated lime to prevent the mice from eating insulation.
- Sleeping sawdust.
- Powder waste slag to avoid ignition.
After the last layer poured, it is better not to stack anything. If the use of an attic is meant, then boards can be put.
Using the insulation of the ceiling with sawdust, you can apply a film for waterproofing. Lining it over the surface, then pour a mixture of sawdust, cement, water in a ratio of 10: 1: 1.5. The thickness of this layer is 20 cm. Cement can be replaced with clay. You can also use a similar method of warming, not pouring slag, and smear with clay lay layers.
Clay as a heater
Warming of the ceiling with clay implies the formation of a layer 0.5-0.8 m thick, but the ceiling area is not able to withstand such a weight, therefore a composition of sawdust and clay is used. At the end of laying the prepared solution on water, it is necessary to dry the space and again cover the floor with clay to remove possible cracks.
Use of claydite
Warming of the ceiling with expanded clay has the advantage of non-inflammability of the base. In addition, expanded clay does not cause allergic reactions. Insulation should be material with particle size parameters of 0.4-1.0 cm. Insulation of a wooden ceiling with such a tool is not recommended due to its high weight.
The correct technology of use of expanded clay involves the preparatory work. They consist in cleaning the surface and placing a vapor barrier film on the ceiling outside. Further insulation of the concrete ceiling occurs according to the following scheme:
- Laying a layer of clay on the film located on the ceiling;
- The filling of expanded clay (the best effect has a mixture of different-sized particles);
- Making screed thickness of 5 cm from a mixture of cement and sand.
Warming the attic ceiling in this way will add strength to the ceiling. In the room you can put heavy objects.
Application of mineral wool
Thermal insulation of the mineral ceiling is the most common way to eliminate heat leakage in the attic rooms. Whoever insulated the ceiling with this material, notes its harmfulness due to the use of formaldehyde resins in the manufacture.
Thermal insulation of the ceiling with mineral wool suggests the following scheme:
- Before using mineral wool, the concrete ceiling area must be leveled;
- Cover the ceiling with film;
- Laying mineral wool;
- Equipment flooring of plywood or boards.
Thermal insulation of the mineral wool ceiling eliminates the execution of a tie over mineral wool due to the reduction of the thermal insulation of the concrete ceiling.
Warming of the ceiling with glass wool (a kind of mineral wool) for a cold wooden roof consists of the steps:
- A vapor barrier material is placed between the beams on the roof to prevent loss of the properties of mineral wool;
- Cutting glass wool pieces exceeding the size of a beam by 20 cm or making roofs already make large holes for laying cotton wool;
- Laying glass wool on the ceiling;
- Laying wooden floor.
If the attic is supposed to walk on the floor, then the glass wool is covered with floor material on a mandatory basis. Proper installation of boards on the ceiling area is carried out with the release of 0.3 cm inter-element distance between the insulation and the board. The insulation of the ceiling in the wooden house of mineral water is carried out using the material thickness of 10-25 cm.
Thermal insulation of the ceiling with foam can be done inside and out. Insulated ceiling foam inside the found in apartment buildings. You can use the technology of insulation in the house from the inside for sound insulation between apartments. In order to reduce the heat transfer of the cold ceiling, the use of foam plastic is carried out from the attic in a private dwelling. Thermal insulation of the ceiling foam means the use of waterproofing layer from the cold side and the vapor barrier layer from inside the room.
How to insulate the ceiling with foam? Scheme of work:
- Clearing the cold ceiling and laying vapor barrier;
- If necessary, the construction of a log;
- Laying material;
- Performance of a waterproofing layer;
- If the warmed mansard floor surface is made without a lag, then a tie is required;
- Laying clean floor.
Proper insulated ceiling does not require laying the floor if there is no walking on the surface.
How to insulate the ceiling in a private house from the inside? The answer is simple - foam. In this case, warmed according to the scheme:
- Surface cleaning;
- Carrying out the frame (using wooden or aluminum profiles);
- Mounting foam on the draft ceiling;
- Performance of vapor barrier;
Insulation of the ceiling from the inside involves the plasterboard or installation of suspended ceilings.
Warming the ceiling in a private house with their own hands in the described way is easy. However, the base has a high flammability and emits toxic substances during combustion, so you can use it as a insulation of the ceiling in the garage or alternatively to warm the ceiling in the cellar.
Penofol insulation of the ceiling is used in situations where the room remains warm, but there are minor losses. Penofol is a foamed polyethylene. In this way, the ceiling is insulated in the apartment.
The method involves warming the cold ceiling of the room from the inside. How to insulate the ceiling in a wooden house with the use of penofol? Stages of work:
- The organization of crates;
- Fixing the material so that the side with the foil applied is located inside the room (nails can be used);
- Execution finish.
In private homes, the ceiling can be finished using drywall or a false ceiling. It is better to install suspended ceilings in the apartment in order to save more space.
In contrast to the method with stone wool, this method implies leaving on both sides of the penofola ventilation gaps. Many wonder - how to insulate the ceiling in the country, if you want to use penofol. You can combine this material with penoplex. Penofol in this situation is fixed in front of a layer of drywall.
Warming of the ceiling in other buildings
Thermal insulation of the ceiling in the cold-roofed bath involves the use of lightweight, fire-resistant materials. For the bath often used mineral wool and expanded clay. The use of foam plastic when insulating the bath ceiling is not effective due to its increased fire hazard. In the process of arranging the insulation of the ceiling surface of the bath is required to lay a layer of hydro- and vapor barrier.
How to insulate the ceiling in the bath with their own hands, if you do not intend the location of the attic. Then the vapor barrier should be placed in front of the insulation. At the end of the ceiling of the bath to install boards.
How to insulate the ceiling in the garage? You can use mineral wool and polystyrene foam. Polyfoam is applicable even in a situation with a metal garage. It will serve as an additional sound insulation material for the garage space. If a cellar ceiling insulation is required, then the location of the vapor-waterproofing layer, as in the case of a bath, is imperative.
Thermal insulation of the ceiling on the balcony is best done with the use of foam or foam. Thermal insulation of the ceiling on the loggia is also economical to use with the use of foam. Moreover, it is convenient to sheathe the ceiling of a loggia or balcony with these materials. If you want to use stone wool on the loggia of the apartment, then you should think about the effect of allergic components. How to insulate the ceiling on the balcony? The work process is constructed similarly to the methods described:
- Installing crates;
- Laying material;
When creating a bathroom insulation in a private house, the materials described are also used, but you should choose materials for steam and waterproofing with high quality indicators. When the bath is located in a corner room, it is better to warm the ceiling from the street and inside.
If the roof of the house is properly insulated, then heat will always be present. When taking into account all the features of the use of materials, you can achieve long-term effective thermal insulation.