From time immemorial, house trees and flowering plants have created a cozy atmosphere at home, bringing happiness and love, peace and tranquility to their owners.
But home gardening is becoming especially relevant right now, in the conditions of the intense pace of life of large megalopolises. After the abundance of concrete, glass and metal, people have the urgent need to create a small green oasis home to communicate with wildlife.
Indoor trees of various kinds (coffee, lemon, dollar, money), as well as small flowering pot plants for growing on window sills and racks (saintpaulia, spathiphyllum, low-growing varieties of Chinese roses) are suitable for this.
Potted trees and flowers can not only feel, but also create a mood for their owners. Living plants in the house relieve tension and fatigue, give love and happiness, ennoble the interior, help purify the air from pathogens and create a special indoor climate. Not one, even the most expensive composition of artificial and cut flowers, can replace the living flowers in pots in the house.
All plants in the house are classified according to three large groups:
- Decorative leafy. These include indoor trees and various plants, the aesthetic value of which lies in the beautiful leaves. The leaves can be light and dark green, variegated marble color, as well as bright colors so that they can replace flowers. Widely used in the interior of the plant and with the original form of leaves - linear, lobed, with a dissected or jagged edge.
- Decorative flowering. These include perennial plants that bloom all year round, as well as annual and tuberous pot plants with a seasonal flowering period. Perennial flowering crops, unlike annual ones, remain decorative for a long period and do not die after flowering. Tuberous flowering plants have the peculiarity of falling asleep in the winter period after the fall of flowers and leaves. Annual plants are widely used in the interior to create short-lived, but beautiful compositions of natural flowers.
- Cacti and succulents. These include representatives of different families, similar in biological and external features. Plants are resistant and unpretentious in indoor content, compact and have an incredible variety of forms. Due to its unique properties, as well as exclusively decorative flowering, this group of plants is widespread in room culture.
Many ornamental plants are also fruit at the same time, delighting their owners with tasty and healthy fruits (lemon and tangerine trees).
What crops are most common in indoor floriculture and how are they remarkable? The mini-rating of the most famous home plants includes:
A coffee tree
Indoor coffee tree will be a great interior decoration thanks to large evergreen leaves and decorative snow-white flowers with a sweet aroma.
Exotic coffee tree belongs to fruit trees, the berries of which, after ripening, picking and roasting, become familiar to all coffee beans.
Only two types of coffee trees are suitable for growing a house - Liberian and Arabian. An adult coffee plant can produce up to 0.5 kg of fruit per year.
Lemon tree is a very ornamental fruit plant. Natural types of lemon are unsuitable for home cultivation in pots, as in natural conditions reach quite large sizes.
Therefore, breeders have brought out dwarf varieties of lemon trees - this is Pavlovsky lemon, Maikop lemon, Genoa, etc. The evergreen lemon tree does not require special care, and, if properly maintained, is capable of year-round fruiting.
You can grow a lemon tree at home just from seeds. And the creation of a homemade lemonade from several lemon trees will not only refresh the interior, but also fully provide the average family with tasty lemons.
Tangerine tree, like lemon, refers to the evergreen citrus fruit trees.
And, although in natural conditions, tangerine trees grow not so large and overall, it is better to choose dwarf crops for growing a house - Clementine, Unshio, tangerine trees of the Vasya group, etc.
Mandarin is unpretentious and simple in home content. Like a lemon tree, a mandarin can be easily grown from an ordinary stone. Dark green shiny leaves, small beautiful flowers with a delicate aroma and bright orange fruits look very nice in the interior.
A banana plant can be grown at home both as a fruit and as an ornamental.
Even in room conditions, this large herbaceous plant, very similar to a tree, reaches a height of 2 meters.
Popular varieties are the velvety decorative banana with inedible fruits and the Kiev dwarf fruit banana with large and sweet fruits.
Bottle tree is ideal for spacious, bright rooms. If at home it becomes a giant, then at home the bottle tree grows simply big.
The bottle tree got its name due to a thickening at the base of the trunk, where this living plant organism stores water.
Also, the bottle tree has the ability to purify and ozonate air, reducing the risk of respiratory diseases. A bottle tree is a single plant that does not require a company in the interior of a room.
The Chinese rose is a tree plant with large beautiful flowers of various shades. The rose is valued in the interior for its beautiful flowers. Chinese rose blooms almost the entire warm period. Flowers of a rose live only 2-3 days, but the adult bush of the Chinese rose constantly releases new buds, therefore the general flowering is rather long. The derived hybrids of the Chinese rose have not only monophonic, but also two-tone flowers.
The plant is so unpretentious that a small tree quickly grows from a small stalk of a Chinese rose, covered with bright flowers.
If you periodically pinch the side shoots, the rose bush will be not only big, but also lush. The Chinese rose is one of the most beloved plants and experienced flower growers, and simply lovers of indoor plants.
Mini Bonsai Trees
Bonsai is a real living tree in miniature. Such mini-trees are very popular in Japan, where growing bonsai has become an art. Growing bonsai according to the rules takes decades; therefore, ordinary lovers of mini-trees are limited to changing the shape of the pot and forming the crown of the bonsai tree.
In this case, indoor trees acquire a relatively miniature view, but they are still far from the present mini. Almost all types of indoor trees (ficus, maple, money tree) with a strong root system are suitable for creating bonsai.
Original bonsai can be obtained by forming the bends of the trunk and crown. Also for bonsai, beautiful bark and a healthy tree trunk matter. The basis of the creation of bonsai is made up of thick branches of the tree, which should be properly cut, directing their growth. Even from asymmetrically growing branches, you can eventually create beautiful asymmetric bonsai. The interior of the mini-tree looks very unusual and requires careful care.
Snake tree got its name because of its rapid growth and spotty color of the trunk. This exotic perennial tuberous plant has a pronounced period of seasonal dormancy.
At the top of the only escape of the snake tree, very decorative, complexly dissected leaves unfold, forming a thick, flat crown. To begin flowering, the snake tree must have a large and developed tuber.
The inflorescence of a snake tree is very beautiful, but it smells quite unpleasant. Snake tree is designed for lovers of exotic seasonal plants.
Money (dollar) tree
Both money (Crassula) and dollar (Zamioculkas) trees bring good luck in money matters to a house. It is believed that the money tree has an impact on the domestic currency, and the dollar tree has an impact on foreign.
Also, contrary to the well-known proverb that happiness is not in money, popular rumor considers these trees to be a magnet of happiness, love and luck. Monetary and dollar trees are great for any interior and do not require particularly complex care.
Also talismans of happiness and love have long recognized such indoor plants as Saintpaulia, anthurium (male happiness), spathiphyllum (female happiness), geranium, achirizone (tree of happiness), hoya, dracaena sander (bamboo of happiness), Chinese rose, calathea, oxalis and ficus They stand guard over family happiness, bring love to the house, contribute to the happiness of motherhood.